Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is the most commonly used joint in the body, moving around 2,000 times a day when breathing, speaking and chewing.
Dysfunction of the TMJ can occur as in any other joint in the body. The main complaint is pain, which can be caused by:
- Articular disc displacement
- Joint capsule inflammation
- Muscle spasm
- Trigger points in the masticatory muscles and many other reasons.
Changes in the function and structure of the TMJ lead to changes in other structures in the body. Many studies have investigated the relationship between disorders of the TMJ and changes in body posture. It is often observed that the position of the head, neck and shoulder girdle structures are altered in the presence of an TMJ pathology.
Complaints that should be referred for consultation:
- Pain in the jaw area
- Jaw twitching when eating, talking, laughing or squinting
- Restricted expressions
- Teeth grinding
The need for a physiotherapist in the treatment of TMJ disorders
Scientific sources suggest that non-invasive treatment should be recommended before permanent treatment such as orthodontic or surgical treatment. In acute conditions, care is provided to protect the muscles and promote healing. In chronic conditions, treatment can be with exercises, bite plates and stretching exercises.
Physiotherapy includes manualinę terapiją:
- Manipulation of the TMJ and other segments
- Independent stretching of the TMJ and other body segments
- Strengthening the muscles surrounding the TMJ
- Posture correction
A treatment plan is drawn up in collaboration with the dentist. And only by addressing the problem comprehensively can the maximum result be achieved.